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About N-MODA

The MODA methodology has been designed to create a framework for facilitating child-focused poverty and multidimensional deprivation analyses. When MODA is applied to a particular country using country specific choices on data, variables and the like, the analysis is referred to as N-MODA (National MODA). Contrary to CC-MODA where standardized datasets, indicators and thresholds are used to ensure cross-country comparability, N-MODA adopts country-specific definitions of age groups, dimensions, indicators, profiling variables and thresholds. For N-MODA, datasets are selected on the basis of their relevance to child well-being, applicability to the country context to capture national values and norms, the objectives of the study, and data quality. While the results are not comparable with other countries, they can reveal more detailed and richer information on the extent and characteristics of child deprivations and the profiles of the children suffering from deprivations in a particular country. Whenever the data on household income or consumption is available in the dataset used, N-MODA also measures monetary poverty among children and studies the overlap between monetary poverty and multidimensional deprivation.

Step-by-step guidelines to MODA are available to assist in carrying out the entire process of the poverty and multidimensional deprivation analysis. The purpose of the guidelines is to serve as a reference for countries interested in adopting MODA. It discusses decisions that are to be made throughout the analysis and it points out the various risks of each of the choices. The guidelines to MODA refer to the general MODA methodology and leave room for creativity, adjustment, and tailoring to the country context when carrying out national MODA (N-MODA), in order to capture issues that are most relevant to the country context. Click here to access publications based on N-MODA studies.